What is a Cystotomy?
A cystotomy is a surgical procedure to create an opening of the urinary bladder usually to remove bladder stones. Findings of abdominal x-rays and/or ultrasound examination usually indicate cystotomy in pets. Cystotomy is most indicated for treatment of bladder problems including removal of bladder stones, bladder tumors, and blood clots. This procedure also can be done to obtain a biopsy sample of the urinary bladder. Cystotomy is done to repair a rupture or severe trauma to the urinary bladder.
Tests & Treatment
Preoperative tests depend in part on the age and general health of the animal as well as the cause for the cystotomy. Radiographs (x-rays) or abdominal ultrasound typically is done to diagnose the underlying illness prior to surgery. A complete blood count, serum biochemical test, a urinalysis, and possibly an EKG will be performed prior to surgery.
The treatment for entropion is surgery to remove some skin and muscle along the eyelid margin to obtain normal alignment of the eyelids.
The surgery can be performed after the age of 4-6 months depending on the patient's particular problems associated with the entropion, such as corneal ulceration caused by irritating lashes or hair. Usually only one surgery is required but since the problem occurs in growing patients, additional correction is occasionally needed when the patient is an adult.